Medicated Liquor: A different Angle of Drinking

Medicated Liquor: A different Angle of Drinking
Medicated wine is a transparent medicated liquid obtained by using wine as a solvent to soak out the effective components of herbs. Chinese people like to use precious medical material to make medical liquor, which can reinforce body fluid and nourish the blood. Most medicated liquors are taken orally, while some are for external use. To improve the taste, crystal sugar or honey can be added to the medicated wine.
Because liquor itself has the effect for stimulating blood circulation and relaxing muscles and joints, it can be used to treat general asthenia (loss of strength), rheumatic pain, and traumatic injury. In addition, alcohol is a kind of good menstruum (solvent), which may distill (extract) a higher proportion of ingredients from medical material. However, though medical liquor is good for the human body, it cannot be drunk superfluously. A frequency of 2 or 3 times a day with each dosage measuring 10 ml to 50 ml is proper for people.
The history of medicated wine, an ancient and distinctive therapy of traditional Chinese medical science, can be traced back to the remote past. Through such a long history, it has been widely accepted. With the development of Chinese medicine, medicated wine also keeps developing. Records of medicated wine in oracle bone inscriptions of the Shang Dynasty (1765BC-1122BC) may be the earliest relevant records ever found.
The production and application of medicated wine is valued by physicians of all dynasties. In the Historical Records, there are 25 medical cases of Chunyu Yi, a famous physician of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), of which two are about treatments with medicated wine.
Zhang Zhongjing, known as the Medical Sage, also included wine into his formulation when necessary to treat illnesses. The Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases by Zhang Zhongjing provides formulation for safflower wine, Chinese ephedra decoction and other medicated wines. Some are made of medicines, some are obtained by decocting medicines with wine, and some are produced by simmering medicines with the mixture of wine and water, as wine can strengthen effects of the medicines and help cure diseases.
In the Thousand Pieces of Gold Formulae written by Sun Simiao, the Medicine King, there is a chapter dealing exclusively with medicated wine. The work records over 80 medicated wine formulation, covering medical, surgical, gynaecological and tonic aspects. The Principles of Correct Diet by Hu Sihui, a court therapist during the Yuan Dynasty (1271AD-1368AD), is a work on diet therapy that has great influence on later generations. The book provides more than 10 medicated wine formulation that have better nourishing and tonic functions.